In June 1845 the leader of the Mormons, Joseph Smith, was murdered. National History Day. THE TIDE OF MORMON MIGRATION FLOWING THROUGH THE PORT OF LIVERPOOL, ENGLAND Fred E. Woods The year 2007 marked the 800 th anniversary of the city of Liv- erpool.1 Although the city’s inhabitants were certainly aware of this monumental year of celebration, the vast majority were probably una-ware that a chapter of Liverpool’s history was created by nearly 90,000 Mormon Migration Database, 1840-1932. A photograph of the transcontinental railroad at Promontory Point, Utah, May 10, 1869. They journeyed by ox-drawn wagon or—less commonly—by handcarts until the era of transcontinental railroad travel began in 1869. Mormons Immigration to USA & Canada. Tensions continued to rise through the winter of 1846, when the Mormons under their new leader Brigham Young fled Illinois over the Mississippi River with covered wagons and livestock, becoming refugees in their own country. However, they were targeted by other Christians who disagreed with Mormon practices such as polygamy. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (also known as the LDS or Mormon Church) regards Christ as head of the church and considers members to be Christians. Although Young hoped to begin the migration in spring 1846, local hostility forced the Mormons' … They migrated across the United States from the Midwest to The United States requests men to fight in the U.S.-Mexican War. The reenactments provide just … Mormon Migration, Brigham Young University. 214 High Street, The Mormon Migration 1846-47 The Mormons were a religious group who practised a type of Christianity. Exterminate. Someone who is killed for his/her beliefs. They also constructed crossings over rivers and planted crops. A paisley shawl brought by Eliza Kittleman from Philadelphia to Utah on the Ship. This collection consists of an index of pioneer immigrants with image links to journals, autobiographies, letters, and other narratives for the years 1840 to 1932. Due to the hostility shown towards the Mormons, he decided they needed to move somewhere safer. A person who is first to enter or settle a region. An excerpt from a report from Illinois Governor Thomas Ford reporting on “Mormon difficulties,” December 1846. An 1897 map of the route of the Mormon pioneers from Nauvoo to Salt Lake. The sources in this set help place the Mormon migration in geographic, political, religious, and cultural contexts, including other westward movement motivated by Manifest Destiny. Appropriately, Young named the collective the Camp of Israel. A printed page showing the Deseret Alphabet, around 1850. One of the end products associated with this project is a comprehensive map of Mormon Trails across Iowa with selected points of interest (Figure 4). The Mormon Migration website is devoted to the gathering, distribution and interpretation of global migration records and history related to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, more commonly known as the LDS Church or the Mormon Church. An excerpt from William Clayton’s booklet, “The Latter-day Saints’ Emigrants’ Guide,” 1848. The Mormon handcart pioneers were participants in the migration of members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) to Salt Lake City, Utah, who used handcarts to transport their belongings. Explore resources and ideas for Using DPLA's Primary Source Sets in your classroom. Cuban Immigration After the Revolution, 1959-1973, Exodusters: African American Migration to the Great Plains, Nineteenth-Century Schools for the Deaf and Blind, Japanese American Internment During World War II, Full Steam Ahead: The Steam Engine and Transportation in the Nineteenth Century, Immigration and Americanization, 1880-1930, Mexican Labor and World War II: The Bracero Program, These sets were created and reviewed by the teachers on the. The movement began in 1856 and continued until 1860. After the transcontinental railroad was completed in 1869, Latter-day Saint emigrants who traveled to Utah generally came by train. However, they were targeted by other Christians who disagreed with Mormon practices such as polygamy. Sophie holds a degree in History and works as a History teacher in Bradford. Each year during the Mormon migration, people continued to be organized into "companies", each company bearing the name of its leader and subdivided into groups of 10 and 50. That is when organized companies traveled to Utah by wagon or handcart. history of Mormon migration when the boiler on the steamboat Saluda exploded, killing more than two dozen Mormon converts.9 British artist Frederick Piercy, who sketched segments of the Latter-day Saint journey from Liverpool to Salt Lake, noted, “At St. Louis I learned that the Emigrants to G.S.L. You can also suggest a primary source set topic or view resources for National History Day. Afterward, they came by railroad, continuing the resettlement until 1890. Smaller numbers of German, Irish, Scotch-Irish, Dutch, French, Spanish, African, and other nationalities also arrived. Mormon emigration stories have been shared over and over through the decades. Pioneer. Close to sixty thousand were immigrant converts fresh from the British Isles and Scandinavia. The Mormon Migration was an important time in history because the religion was new; it had troubles, but Mormons are good at heart. PLAY. Persecute. Upon arriving in the Salt Lake Valley, the Mormons publicly announced the practice of plural marriage, which Smith had instituted in secret some years earlier. Mormon Migration in the 1800s The important thing about the Mormon migration is that they were in search of religious freedom. Over the next decade, tens of thousands followed the Mormon trail to Utah in search of a new “Zion”—a holy community where they could worship without persecution. Pioneer. Images of the materials are found on the Brigham Young University website at mormonmigration.lib.byu.edu. The Mormons were a religious group who practised a type of Christianity. The immigrants were from the British, Scandinavian, Swedish, and Netherlands Missions. Upon arriving in the Salt Lake Valley, the Mormons publicly announced the practice of plural marriage, which Smith had instituted in secret some years earlier. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (also known as the LDS or Mormon Church) regards Christ as head of the church and considers members to be Christians. Much cheaper & more effective than TES or the Guardian. Mormon Migration to Utah. This index documents the journeys of over 94,000 converts who crossed the Atlantic or Pacific Oceans to gather with the Saints in North America between 1840 and 1890. The trek of the Mormon pioneers is one of the most inspiring and heartbreaking episodes in U.S and Mormon history. Ships, Saints, and Mariners: A Maritime Enclyclopedia of Mormon Migration, 1830-1890 by Conway B. Sonne; University of Utah Press. Begun during an era of intense religious revival in America, the Church boldly claimed to restore rather than reform traditional Christianity. Today, many youth and leaders in the Church repeat these stories as they pull handcarts and reenact experiences of the early pioneers. Exterminate. Boston Spa, An excerpt from a roster for Company A of the Mormon Battalion in the Mexican-American War, 1846. The faith became popularly known as “Mormonism,” and its people “Mormons,” after the publication of a new book of scripture, The Book of Mormon. Learn more ›. Mormon Migration. Boston House, A plan of Winter Quarters, Nebraska, during the winter of 1846 to 1847. The Mormon migration is significant as Young successfully migrated thousands of Mormons to the Great Salt Lake, even though they travelled off the Oregon Trail. Migration of the Mormons to the west continued in organized companies along the Mormon Trail until 1869. These sets were created and reviewed by the teachers on the DPLA's Education Advisory Committee. Mormon Migration Geographic mobility had been a necessity for members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints almost since the Church’s founding in 1830. Images of the materials are found on the Brigham Young University website at mormonmigration.lib.byu.edu. This meant there were no splits like there were in the Donner Party. They were literally driven out of their own country, since Utah was then still part of Mexico. PLAY. The Great Mormon Migration, … The immigrants were from the British, Scandinavian, Swedish, and Netherlands Missions. Begin your research by brainstorming keywords - the words and phrases you’ll use to search for books, articles, websites, government documents, and other resources. To completely destroy or get rid of. “Bill of Particulars,” the recommended supply list for each household departing westward from Nauvoo, Illinois, published in the Nauvoo Neighbor, October 29, 1845, National Park Service. An example of one such program was the Mormon Diaries project. An excerpt from the trail diary of Mormon pioneer William Snow, 1850. There are two excellent resources that discuss the Mormon migration by sea. Mormon Migration. Reach the audience you really want to apply for your teaching vacancy by posting directly to our website and related social media audiences. To completely destroy or get rid of. About 90,000 Latter-day Saint converts crossed the oceans during the 19th century, heeding a call to come to Zion. Pre-1820 Approximately 650,000 individuals of all nationalities arrived in America before 1820. Martyr. A letter from Eliza R. Snow to Elizabeth Ann Smith Whitney and Vilate Murray Kimball, June 30, 1846. The immigrants were from the British Isles, Scandinavian, Swedish, and Netherlands Missions. To harass or treat with hostility persistently. Brigham Young became the new leader of the Mormons. A trail roadometer designed and used by William Clayton, 1847. A photograph of Zion’s Commercial Mercantile Institution (ZCMI) in Salt Lake City, with Native Americans on horseback, 1869. Daily Missouri Republican – February 19, 1846. From 1846 to 1848 some twelve thousand Mormons clustered in rough camps across present-day Iowa and Nebraska, before organizing to emigrate further west into what was then Mexico. 1 Unlike many religious organizations that clearly and candidly stake out their positions on illegal immigration, however, the LDS Church officially takes no position on this highly divisive issue. Index of pioneer immigrants with image links to journals, autobiographies, letters, and other narratives. Index of pioneer immigrants with image links to journals, autobiographies, letters, and other narratives. A new picture of Mormon migration in Nebraska is emerging, showing that state to have been much more widely traveled by Mormons than has heretofore been recognized. Recorded sites include visible trail ruts (Figure 3), dugouts, camps, and buildings associated with the migration. Persecute. Contains a history of each Mormon emigrant ship. During the rest of the 19th century, the Mormon migration into Salt Lake continues at the rate of several thousand new arrivals per year. Communal. Fax: +44 01937 842110, We’re proud to sponsor TABS Cricket Club, Harrogate Town AFC and the Wetherby Junior Cricket League as part of our commitment to invest in the local community, Company Reg no: 04489574 | VAT reg no 816865400, © Copyright 2018 |Privacy & cookies|Terms of use, AQA GCSE: America 1840-1895: Expansion and Consolidation, Edexcel GCSE: The American West c1835-c1895, GCSE: Early Elizabethan England (1558-88) - Timeline of Key Events, Weimar & Nazi Germany (1918-39) - Timeline of Key Events, Hitler & The Nazi Party - The Lean ("Wilderness") Years from 1924-1928, Culture and Architecture in the Weimar Republic (1924-29), Weimar and Nazi Germany (1918-39) - Exam Buster Revision Guide for Edexcel GCSE (9-1) History, Assessment Mats for Weimar and Nazi Germany | Edexcel GCSE History, Advertise your teaching jobs with tutor2u, Young carefully planned the logistics, ensuring there was enough supplies to last the journey, Young consulted with trail guides to find the quickest and safest routes. An illustration showing a view of the Utah Valley in 1850. At the time of the planning of the exodus in 1846, the territory was owned by the Republic of Mexico, which soon after went to war with the United States … Shared by all members of community. Getting Started. Begun during an era of intense religious revival in America, the Church boldly claimed to restore rather than reform traditional Christianity. Mormons begin exodus to Utah Their leader assassinated and their homes under attack, the Mormons of Nauvoo, Illinois, begin a long westward migration that … A person who is first to enter or settle a region. These may include names of people and places or historical concepts like eras and movements. Description. The Mormon Handcart Migration A pilgrimage 160 years later inspires travelers on the Latter-day Saints trail to Utah. In June 1845 the leader of the Mormons, Joseph Smith, was murdered. Mormon Migration Geographic mobility had been a necessity for members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints almost since the Church’s founding in 1830. On March 1, 1846, some 500 Mormon wagons lurched northwesterly across the winter-bare Iowa prairie toward the Missouri River. Westward Migration: The Mormon pioneers and the settlement of Utah (1846–1857) The Mormons scatter throughout Iowa and the surrounding territory, though most follow Brigham Young and the Quorum of the Twelve, who lead them to Winter Quarters in Nebraska. Links to more History Stories of the Trail This meant later groups of Mormons could travel safely. “Mormon Immigration Index Released,” Ensign, Oct. 2000, 78 The Family and Church History Department recently released the Mormon Immigration Index on CD-ROM. The Mormon pioneers were members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, also known as Latter-day Saints, who migrated in the mid-1840s across the United States from the Midwest to the Salt Lake Valley in what is today the U.S. state of Utah. West Yorkshire, THE TIDE OF MORMON MIGRATION FLOWING THROUGH THE PORT OF LIVERPOOL, ENGLAND Fred E. Woods The year 2007 marked the 800 th anniversary of the city of Liv- erpool.1 Although the city’s inhabitants were certainly aware of this monumental year of celebration, the vast majority were probably una-ware that a chapter of Liverpool’s history was created by nearly 90,000 The Saints by Sea website offers inspiring accounts of their journeys. Communal. Young decided to migrate to the Great Salt Lake, just south of the Oregon Trail. With assistance from the Federal Emergency Relief Administration, the Historical Records Survey, as well as the WPA , Juanita Brooks supervised a project to collect and transcribe the diaries, journals, and biographical sketches for over 400 Latter-day Saint pioneers. To harass or treat with hostility persistently. Mormons, who called themselves “Saints” or “Latter-day Saints” (LDS), established successive religious communities in frontier Ohio, Missouri, and Illinois in the 1830s and 1840s; each time they were forcibly driven out and dispossessed of their property because of their religious beliefs and practices. Someone who is killed for his/her beliefs. Mormon Migration by Sail and Rail, 1856–1857 FRED E. WOODS IN THE SPRING OF 1855, an article in the Mormons’ British periodical, The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star, instructed church members to leave “Babylon” just as ancient Israel had left Egypt under Moses’ leadership.1 For European converts, the It is useful to compare this migration to that of the Donner Party in order to understand what made a successful migration. The Mormon handcart pioneers were participants in the migration of members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints to Salt Lake City, Utah, who used two-wheeled handcarts to transport their belongings. Western Mormon Migration - 1846/1847. Their leader assassinated and their homes under attack, the Mormons of Nauvoo, Illinois, begin a long westward migration that eventually brings them to the valley of the Great Salt Lake in Utah. A Mormon Bride in the Great Migration “Among the nearly 10,000 people who came to Utah in 1852, thereby carving for themselves a singular niche in the history of the American West was my great-great grandmother Olive Harriet Otto Terry. We have information, that from one thousand to fifteen hundred Mormons are encamped at Montrose, Iowa, preparatory to their march westward. We are just now beginning to appreciate the dimensions and magnitude of the Mormon use of Nebraska trails. With good nature and strength they overcame obstacles to become a religion with over 12 million followers. He sent a ‘Pioneer Band’ of 150 men and 70 wagons to be the first to travel to the Great Salt Lake. The trouble of proving themselves worthy to the world and finding safety was hard. She had come to the Kanesville area in 1851; she left the area in 1852 as the bride of a Mormon emigrant. Mormon History. Shared by all members of community. LS23 6AD, Tel: +44 0844 800 0085 STUDY. Martyr. The Mormon Handcart Migration traces each stage of the journey, from the transatlantic voyage of newly converted church members to the gathering of the faithful in the eastern Nebraska encampment known as Winter Quarters. The Mormons, U.S. citizens, were driven from their homes and forced to march thousands of miles from Nauvoo, Illinois, located on the Mississippi River, to the Salt Lake Valley in Utah. Young insisted on strict discipline. Migration of the Mormons to the west continued in organized companies along the Mormon Trail until 1869. Of Zion ’ s booklet, “ the Latter-day Saints ’ emigrants ’ Guide, ” 1848 June 1845 leader... Audience you really want to apply for your teaching vacancy by posting to. Clayton, 1847 Mormon use of Nebraska trails pioneer immigrants with image links to journals, autobiographies, letters and. Migration 1846-47 the Mormons were a religious group who practised a type of Christianity to... 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