The shell lacks any distinct bumps or coloration. Diet: Eastern Spiny softshells are carnivorous. Most Commonly-seen Freshwater Turtles in California There are very few species of turtles found in California, so if you see one at the edge of a pond or stream in the majority of the state, it is almost always one of the following three species. Most of those rules are generally designed to protect turtles, so even if they seem a little restrictive, they are there for a good reason. Some small species include the Eastern Box, Southern Painted, Diamondback Terrapins, Spotted and Bog Turtles. The upper shell has lies that sometimes form a web-like pattern and may or may not have blotches, this is where it gets the name False Map Turtle because the lines form a sort of map across the shell, but not like map turtles have. Unless a turtle is in immediate danger, leave it where you found it. Additionally, the Prairie Research Institute’s Illinois Natural History Survey has an Identification Key to help people figure out what species turtle they have found. Illinois hosts some breeding species in the summer. TurtleOwner.com is owned and operated by The Turtle Owner Team. The reason why most turtles end up smelling is because... We are a passionate group of writers and researchers who write about pet turtles and tortoises. The head and limbs are olive or gray above, and light gray or cream-colored below. Green turtles weigh up to 350 pounds. The shell has one distinct feature and that is a ridge that traverses the entire length of the shell. Pet turtles require lots of time, care and attention! Description: Like most box turtles, the Ornate Box Turtle has a very dome like shaped shell, that can range in color from brown to black, and it’s usually covered with a multitude of lines and spots that can range in color from yellow to orange. Snapping turtles can be dangerous for an inexperienced person to handle. These females may expel a large amount of water from their vent/cloaca when lifted up by a well- meaning rescuer. What you can do if you find a native wild turtle really depends on your intentions. How big it can get: Common Musk turtles are very small, they usually reach sizes between 3 and 4.5 inches. Every state in the US has different laws regarding native turtles and turtles in general. The land turtles are a common turtle in Florida, Michigan, Illinois, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas. But if you have a question about something that you couldn’t find in the article you should leave a comment, I will do my best to answer it as soon as possible. Repair Damage: What to Know Before Making Repairs, Contact an IDNR District Wildlife Biologist. Diet: Red Eared Sliders are omnivorous, their diet usually consists of meat, fish, insects, snails, aquatic vegetation, fruits and vegetables. If you want to know more reasons why you shouldn’t do this, you should ream my article: Can Pet Turtle Survive in the Wild?, In this article I explore all the possible outcomes of this situation. The biggest problems facing the loggerhead are entanglement in commercial gear for fishing and the loss of many of their nesting sites. Where it lives: Unlike most turtles, Box turtles live on land instead of water. Turtles are incredibly unique vertebrates, comprised of between 300 and 400 different species (the exact number is contested), and these belong to three groups that are often mistakenly spoken about interchangeably: true turtles, tortoises, and terrapins. Razorback Musk Turtles. Generally turtles are peaceful creatures, but if they think that they are in danger and they have no way of escaping, then they will definitely try to bite you. Where it lives: All Painted turtles subspecies prefer to live in freshwater, and they can be usually found in slow moving rivers, ponds, and lakes. Mud turtles generally live for about 30 years but can live to be 50 with the right care. Illinois Natural History Survey. If a female expels water, it is best to return her to the closest area near standing water. 6 Missouri’s Turtles Illinois mud turtle. A lot of people believe that turtles smell bad, but this couldn’t be farther from the truth. The amount of time it takes the eggs to hatch is around 80 days. If you want to know more about turtle hibernation, I’ve written a more in depth article that covers the subject, In this article I cover why turtles hibernate, how hibernation takes place, how aquatic turtles hibernate, how land turtles hibernate, how sea turtles hibernate, what is brumation, and many other important and  interesting things about hibernation: Do Turtles Hibernate? On the upper part of the shell they also have a vertebral keel. If those turtles manage to reproduce, they can easily start a new alien species in a new area. Many are crushed by vehicles while they are crossing roads. And they have a pronounced beak-like mouth. This article should cover every basic thing about the native turtles of Illinois. The upper part of the shell is covered with a red or orange pattern that resembles hieroglyphs, hence the name Hieroglyphic River Cooter. Most of those rules are generally designed to protect turtles, so even if they seem a little restrictive, they are there for a good reason. The incubation period for the eggs is between 70 and 80 days. All State Reptiles An election for favorite state reptile was conducted on the Internet in 2004 (other candidates considered were the eastern box turtle and the common garter snake ). Though he is one of the more abundant of the sea turtles, he still faces many risks and dangers. The biggest known alligator snapping turtle reached 31.5 inches. How big it can get: Most of them reach sizes between 8 and 12 inches, but it’s not uncommon to find females that reach sizes bigger than that, sometimes even 15 inches. The skin of the Ouachita Map Turtle is usually covered with thin yellow-white lines. Turtles can be highly aquatic (staying in water most of their lives) or semi-aquatic. How big it can get: Most Painted turtles reach sizes between 5 and 7 inches. Their carapace can include shades of black, gray, green, brown, or yellow. Adult green turtles are the only herbivorous sea turtles. What to Expect and How to Prevent. Baby slider turtles for sale are cheap, easy to care for, and quite inquisitive. Description: The Mississippi Map Turtle is usually colored, olive, brown or black. The lower side of the shell is usually plain yellow, but in some cases there can be small colored spots. There are many types of turtles and some species may suit your lifestyle better than others. Their diet consists of mussels, plants and insects. How long it can live: Between 100 and 150 years. If you must move the turtle, don’t move it far. But in general they prefer waters that have a soft bottoms, like mud or sand. Their preferred prey includes fish, crayfish, and other aquatic invertebrates. TurtleOwner.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Diet: Map turtles are omnivorous, so they will eat meat, insects, fruit, vegetables, aquatic vegetation, and everything else that they can find. Data deficient (DD) – Not enough data to make an assessment of its risk of extinction. Additionally, curbs along roads and parking lots and railroad tracks can trap turtles. If you are a nonresident of Iowa you can only take common snapping turtles, softshells and painted turtles from the Missouri, Mississippi and Big Sioux rivers. The whole process takes one-two months. Where it lives: As the name implies Mud turtles prefer to stay in water bodies that have a soft bottom, composed of either sand or mud. When turtles hibernate, they enter a very profound sleep which allows them to conserve energy. Chelydra serpentina: Snapping Turtle: Macrochelys temminckii: Alligator Snapping Turtle: Chrysemys picta: Painted Turtle: Clemmys guttata: Spotted Turtle How long it can live: Between 60 and 80 years. They eat various types of vegetation, such as grass and dandelions, and will take garden crops, says the U of I. We hope you will enjoy the site and that you will find what you’re looking for.​. How big it can get: Between 12 and 15 inches, in rare cases some of them can reach even 19 inches. Description: The Mississippi Mud Turtle has an upper shell that is usually colored dark brown or black. Turtles (order Testudines), including tortoises, are reptiles with bodies encased in bony shells. Where it lives: They can be found in most water bodies, but they show a preference towards areas with a sandy or muddy substrate. On average the incubation period for the eggs lasts between 80 and 90 days. Diet: Spotted turtles are omnivorous. Turtles In Kentucky. Small species, such as the spotted turtle, may lay only three to five eggs in a nest, while the larger snapping turtle lays 20 to 40 eggs. These turtles are light tan in color and their shells, as their name suggests, feature a ridge along the top. If you find our articles helpful, and you like our site we would like to ask for your help. Alligator snapping turtles are found only in the United States. 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