In 1893. On the extreme left end of the federal line, the 20th Maine had been ordered to hold its ground at all costs. Choose your favorite little round top designs and purchase them as wall art, home decor, phone cases, tote bags, and more! Gen. Samuel W. Crawford, launched to the west in the direction of the Wheatfield. American Civil War: Major General Joshua L. Chamberlain, American Civil War: Major General John Buford, Union Commanders at the Battle of Gettysburg, Cavalry Fight at the Battle of Gettysburg, American Civil War: Major General George Sykes, American Civil War: Brigadier General James Barnes, American Civil War: Major General Gouverneur K. Warren, American Civil War: Major General Samuel Crawford, American Civil War: Battle of Malvern Hill. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren, to attempt to deal with the situation south of Sickles' position. More than 50,000 men fell as casualties(men listed as killed, wounded, or missing/captured), a scale of suffering neve… Seeing the Confederates shifting around his flank, Chamberlain first stretched his line to the point where his men were in a single-file line, then ordered the southernmost half of his line to swing back during a lull following another Confederate charge. He and Oliver W. Norton, the brigade bugler, galloped ahead to reconnoiter and guide his four regiments into position. Shop for little round top art from the world's greatest living artists. [39], Monument to Col. Patrick O'Rorke and the 140th New York on Little Round Top, Monument to the 12th and 44th New York Infantry on Little Round Top, Monument to the 155th Pennsylvania Volunteers at Little Round Top. Norton, p. 167. Countless human dramas took place, and legendary acts of heroism included: Col. Joshua Chamberlain (1828–1914) and the 20th Maine holding Little Round Top Thanks to a popular novel and an often-televised 1993 film based upon it, the perception of the fighting on Little Round Top often focuses exclusively on the role played by the 20th Maine Regiment and its commander, Col. Joshua Chamberlain. Col. Patrick "Paddy" O'Rorke, who personally led his regiment in the charge, was killed. 7–8, 35–47. The heroic charge of O’Rorke broke the Confederate attack, but it cost O’Rorke his life. See, e.g., paragraph beginning, “Without a topological map,” about 15% into his letter, first reprinted in “A History of the Class of 1854 in Dartmouth College” (Boston: Alfred Mudge & Son, 1898). Company K consisted of seasoned veterans of many significant battles, having been recruited in Adams County on May 15, 1861. He immediately began directing the regiments in his command to begin climbing Little Round Top. Champions and world cup concept. His left flank was anchored in Devil's Den. The geographic importance of Little Round Top is obvious: whoever controlled that ground could dominate the countryside to the west for miles. Gen. Evander M. Law. On the second day of the Battle Of Gettysburg, July 2, 1863, General Robert E. Lee devised a plan for his Confederates to attack both flanks of the Union line on Cemetery Ridge.The result would be three hours of carnage that won nothing of tactical significance … Between the popular novel and the film, the story of Little Round Top has often appeared in the public mind as solely the story of the 20th Maine. Little Round Top, July 2,1863 James H. Hillestad recounts the significance of this eminence in the Battle of Gettysburg s Little Round Top is intimately identified with the battle of Gettysburg so is Colonel Joshua Chamberlain identified with the Confederate repulse at Little Round Top. [9], There were four probable reasons for the deviation in the division's direction: first, regiments from the Union III Corps were unexpectedly in the Devil's Den area and they would threaten Hood's right flank if they were not dealt with; second, fire from the 2nd U.S. Sharpshooters at Slyder's farm drew the attention of lead elements of Brig. Composed by Randy Edelman 1993Update: Comments closed due to excessive stupidity. During the first three days of July 1863, the Union Army of the Potomac and the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia turned a small town in Southern Pennsylvania into the site of a struggle for the future of the United States. Because of the round tops themselves. And, with most of the Union Army arranged to the north of the hill, the hill represented the extreme left flank of the Union lines. To Claim credit for the find: 1. One of the Union regiments which arrived on the top of Little Round Top just in the nick of time was the 140th New York Volunteer Infantry, commanded by Col. Patrick O’Rorke, a young West Point graduate. [6] Although the larger hill was known before the battle as Round Top, Round Top Mountain, and sometimes Round Hill, accounts written in 1863 referred to the smaller hill with a variety of names: Rock Hill, High Knob, Sugar Loaf Hill, Broad Top Summit, and granite spur of Round Top. The Union commander, General George Meade, had dispatched his chief of engineers, General Governeur K. Warren, to inspect the federal positions along the hills south of Gettysburg. A key historical landmark in the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863, Little Round Top is one of Gettysburg National Military Park’s most heavily visited sites. It was the site of an unsuccessful assault by Confederate troops against the Union left flank on July 2, 1863, the second day of the Battle of Gettysburg. Most of the other Union regimental commanders on Little Round Top, however, were dead within one year. [5], There is no evidence that the name "Little Round Top" was used by soldiers or civilians during the battle, although Col. Franklin A. Haskell, writing to his brother on July 16, 1863, calls it so. Figure 3. On the morning of July 2, 1863, the strategic hilltop was barely occupied. Vincent died on July 7, but not before receiving a deathbed promotion to brigadier general. That evening Robert E. Lees sec… On the other hand, there are those who argue that … During the morning of July 3, the Union struck back and were able to drive the Confederate infantry from their last toe-hold on Culp’s Hill. Pfanz, p. 232. Despite heavy losses, the 20th Maine held through two subsequent charges by the 15th Alabama and other Confederate regiments for a total of ninety minutes. 1863. The Confederates, of course, also understood the significance of Big Round Top and Little Round Top. While the 20th Maine did perform heroically, the battle contained other elements which are, in some ways, even more dramatic. General Warren immediately sent orders for troops to come and defend the top of the hill. The summit parking lot was also created at this time. A brief but intriguing refutation of the theories that Little Round Top was the "key" to winning the battle of Gettysburg, and possibly, to preserving the Union itself. No doubt we would like to believe that the compelling struggle for Little Round Top must have significance beyond the Battle of Gettysburg itself. Reaching the top, Col. Vincent placed troops in defensive lines. The Blue Ridge Mountains can be seen in the horizon, while Devil's Den takes stage in the foreground should visitors look west. By evening, the Union forces still held Little Round Top and had repulsed most of Ewell’s forces. An example of this view is from 1900: "If the Confederates had seized [Little Round Top] and dragged some of their artillery up there, as they easily could have done, they would have enfiladed Meade's entire line and made it too unhealthy for him to remain there. By Craig Swain, November 11, 2008. Little Round Top: Worth the climb to understand the significance - See 647 traveler reviews, 253 candid photos, and great deals for Gettysburg, PA, at Tripadvisor. Two of the most significant would be the assault by Confederates at Little Round Top on the second day, and Pickett’s Charge on the third day. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Why the Hill Called Little Round Top Mattered. In Lee's report after the Gettysburg Campaign, he stated in part, "General Longstreet was delayed by a force occupying the high, rocky hills on the enemy's extreme left, from which his troops could be attacked in reverse as they advanced", suggesting Longstreet was ordered on a course intended to bypass Little Round Top—had the hill been a key objective of the assault, Lee would not have used the phrase "delayed by" in describing the effects of the engagement. At the southern end of that ridge were two distinct hills, known locally for years as Big Round Top and Little Round Top. There are … Near the end of that engagement, General Meade observed from Little Round Top and contemplated his options for a possible counterattack against Lee. As the Battle of Gettysburg developed during the first day, the Union troops held a series of high ridges running southward from the town. Confederate Lt. General James Longstreet attacked the Union left on orders from General Robert E. Lee. Little Round Top, July 2,1863 James H. Hillestad recounts the significance of this eminence in the Battle of Gettysburg s Little Round Top is intimately identified with the battle of Gettysburg so is Colonel Joshua Chamberlain identified with the Confederate repulse at Little Round Top. Pullen, pp. It is even conceivable that Lee's army might have cut the Union Army off from the roads to Washington, D.C., leaving the federal capital open to great danger. The novel was the basis for the movie "Gettysburg," which appeared in 1993. Culp’s Hill commanded the roads used for the Union’s main supply lines. Desjardin, p. 148. Little Round Top is the smaller of two rocky hills south of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania—the companion to the adjacent, taller hill named Big Round Top. Company K's engagements, including detailed accounts of eyewitnesses, were recorded by their captain, Henry N. Minnigh, in his book, "A History of Company K.", "Battle of Gettysburg: Fighting at Little Round Top", "The Battle of Gettysburg: Extracts of the minutes of the meeting of Sterling Price Camp)", "The Field of Gettysburgh: Interest Concerning the Great Battle Ground -- Thirteen Generals Revisit the Scene of their Struggle …", "Who Saved Little Round Top: A Response to the Melcher Challenge,", "Gettysburg Compiler - Google News Archive Search", Eastern Theater of the American Civil War, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Little_Round_Top&oldid=991270826, Historic district contributing properties in Pennsylvania, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Geography. Washington Roebling, after the war, would become the chief engineer of the Brooklyn Bridge during its construction. Passing to the southern slope of Little Round Top, Colonel Vincent indicated to me . [8] Maj. Gen. John Bell Hood's division was assigned to attack up the eastern side of the road, Maj. Gen. Lafayette McLaws's division the western side. Little Round Top is the smaller of two rocky hills south of Gettysburg, Pennsylvaniathe companion to the adjacent, taller hill named Big Round Top. Losing that position would be disastrous. It was the site of an unsuccessful assault by Confederate troops against the Union left flank on July 2, 1863, the second day of the Battle of Gettysburg. Quick Description: Little Round Top is the smaller of two rocky hills south of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. At approximately 4 pm on July 2, 1863, the Confederates mounted a spirited attack on Little Round Top. … Today, Little Round Top offers incredible views of the battlefield with monuments lining the rocky hills. A small detachment of signalmen, troops who passed orders via flag signals, had reached the top of the hill. 3. [16], Chamberlain (knowing that his men were out of ammunition, his numbers were being depleted, and his men would not be able to repulse another Confederate charge) ordered his men to equip bayonets and counterattack. Glenn Lafantasie's "Twilight at Little Round Top" presents an account of this celebrated battle that manages to be both heroic and gripping as well as sober and balanced. The “castle” on Little Round Top is always a favorite of visitors to the battlefield. Although the 650-foot-high Little Round Top was overshadowed by its larger neighbor, its position was more important because much of the hill was cleared of trees and it could better accommodate troops. However, the observation that not much of the landscape around Devil’s Den and Little Round Top has changed since the battle suggests that there have been strong efforts to preserve the land in these areas. Col. Joshua Chamberlain of the 20th Maine. Losing that position would be disastrous. "[38], The 20th Maine Volunteer Infantry Regiment monument on Little Round Top is the most popular Gettysburg National Military Park monument that visitors request to see. The fight for Little Round Top was an intense conflict within the larger Battle of Gettysburg. little round top stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. Debi B June 25, 2012 Quick action by Brig. The wounds of any war are painful! [10], The response to this request for help came from Maj. Gen. George Sykes, commander of the Union V Corps. Apr 11, 2016 - Explore Keith Brenner's board "Little Round Top" on Pinterest. Similarly, Vincent's Brigade, responsible for defending Little Round Top, had overall losses of 26%, which is in line with the overall loss for the Army of the Potomac of about 25%. 140–41, cites October 1889. Little Round Top is the smaller of two rocky hills south of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania—the companion to the adjacent, taller hill named Big Round Top. This group, who had been hidden from sight, caused considerable confusion in the Confederate ranks. The Battle of Gettysburg was the largest and bloodiest battle ever fought in North America. The 20th Regiment Maine Volunteer Infantry was a volunteer regiment of the United States Army (Union Army) during the American Civil War (1861–1865), most famous for its defense of Little Round Top at the Battle of Gettysburg in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, July 1–3, 1863. The citation read that it was awarded for "daring heroism and great tenacity in holding his position on the Little Round Top against repeated assaults, and ordering the advance position on the Great Round Top. [25], On July 3, Hazlett's battery (six 10-pounder Parrott rifles, now under the command of Lt. Benjamin F. Rittenhouse)[26] fired into the flank of the Confederate assault known as Pickett's Charge. On day 2 of the battle, General Lee's plan was to flank the Union. Dedicated September 1890. Strategically, Little Round Top held the key to the developing battle. [3] The summit is a total of 650 feet (200 m) above sea level. Warren suspected Confederate troops were massing for an assault on the position. Question: "What is the significance of a kippah / yarmulke?" Though it was taken 44 years after the battle occurred, this photo gives a wide perspective and allows the viewer to obtain a mental picture of what the landscape would have looked like … Little Round Top: Worth the climb to understand the significance - See 647 traveler reviews, 253 candid photos, and great deals for Gettysburg, PA, at Tripadvisor. Despite repeated assaults by seasoned Confederate troops, the Union soldiers who arrived at the top of the hill just in time to defend it managed to throw together a stout defense. 243–45. Big Round Top is the southern peak of the Gettysburg Battlefield and is within the area encompassed by a drainage depression (southeast, south), Plum Run (west, north), and the Crawford Rd/Wright Av roadway (north, northeast). Most of the stone breastworks that are currently visible on the hill were constructed by these troops after the fighting stopped. Artillery, commanded by Lt. Charles E. Hazlett. There is a path which winds around the summit of the hill. [18][19], During their retreat, the Confederates were subjected to a volley of rifle fire from Company B of the 20th Maine, commanded by Captain Walter G. Morrill, and a few of the 2nd U.S. Sharpshooters, who had been placed by Chamberlain behind a stone wall 150 yards to the east, hoping to guard against an envelopment. The view from the top of this monument is amazing! The “castle” on Little Round Top is always a favorite of visitors to the battlefield. Clark, Champ, and the Editors of Time-Life Books. He fell dead, shot through the neck. Maj. Gen. George Meade, commander of the Army of the Potomac, had ordered Maj. Gen. Daniel Sickles' III Corps to defend the southern end of Cemetery Ridge, which would have just included Little Round Top. Little Round Top -Not significant Would Lee have sent artillery to LRT? Compare, for instance, Pfanz, p. 205, Sears, p. 269, and Coddington, p. 388 with Harman, pp. It is located in Cumberland Township, approximately two miles (3 km) south of Gettysburg, with a rugged, steep slope rising 150 feet (46 m) above nearby Plum Run to the west and strewn with large boulders. Hawthorne, p. 52, cites October 3, 1886. O’Rorke’s men climbed up the hill, and as they came over the top, a surging Confederate advance was reaching the top of the western slope. We were steadfast as katahdin, hard as winters rain". General Weed was among the victims, and as his old friend Charles Hazlett leaned over to comfort Weed, the artilleryman was also shot dead. [21], Before the Michiganders could be demoralized, reinforcements summoned by Warren—who had continued on to find more troops to defend the hill—had arrived in the form of the 140th New York and a battery of four guns—Battery D, 5th U.S. "[30], An alternative claim is that the hill's terrain offered a poor platform for artillery, and that had Longstreet secured the hill, the Union army would have been forced back to a better defensive position, making the attack on the hill a distraction from the Confederates' true objective. Control UI Pixel Perfect Well-crafted Vector Thin Line And Solid Icons 30 2x Grid for Web Graphics and Apps. Though it was taken 44 years after the battle occurred, this photo gives a wide perspective and allows the viewer to obtain a mental picture of what the landscape would have looked like … The 15th Alabama, commanded by Col. William C. Oates, repositioned further right and attempted to find the Union left flank. They initially encountered little resistance in occupying Big Round Top on July 2, 1863. Gettysburg can be viewed as the turning point of the Civil War, and the fierce combat at Little Round Top was the turning point of the battle. Norton was a member of the 83rd Pennsylvania, which Vincent commanded before becoming its brigade commander. The battle for Little Round Top is a key plot point of Ward Moore's 1953 alternate history novel Bring the Jubilee. In the rolling green hills of south central Pennsylvania, Little Round Top represented the "high ground", from which you could station your cannons and observe the enemy's movements. [17], Thirty years later, Chamberlain received a Medal of Honor for his conduct in the defense of Little Round Top. Geographically and strategically, the 650-foot-high Little Round Top anchored the left end o… The 20th Maine had 28 officers and 358 enlisted men. The Union defensive position on the second day of the battle resembled an inverted J, extending from Culps Hill on the north, around Cemetery Hill and irregularly south along Cemetery Ridge to Little Round Top. [17] While Chamberlain ordered the advance, Lieutenant Holman Melcher spontaneously and separate to Chamberlain's command initiated a charge from the center of the line that further aided the regiment's efforts. After several charges by Confederates had been repulsed, the men from Maine were nearly out of ammunition. The answers you need are not there but can be found on Little Round Top. That night Robert E. Lee, frustrated by the day’s events, gave the orders for the assault that would happen on the third day. The Confederate attack came up the Emmitsburg road, and the aim was to roll up the Union left flank. Garry Adelman traces the growth of the popularity of the hill and assesses the military situation at the time when Little Round Top might have fallen into Confederate hands. [10], When Meade discovered this situation, he dispatched his chief engineer, Brig. Below the western slope of Little Round Top, Confederate regiments from Alabama and Texas began their attack. The 20th Maine Volunteer Infantry Regiment, commanded by Colonel Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, fought its most famous engagement there, culminating in a dramatic downhill bayonet charge. Garry Adelman traces the growth of the popularity of the hill and assesses the military situation at the time when Little Round Top might have fallen into Confederate hands. The first photo provides a panoramic view of both Little Round Top and Big Round Top from the Valley of Death. It was there that they "refused the line"—formed an angle to the main line in an attempt to prevent the Confederate flanking maneuver. All little round top artwork ships within 48 hours and includes a 30-day money-back guarantee. The artillerymen were exposed to constant sniper fire and could not work effectively. Bachelder abandoned that name by 1873. Before the messenger could reach Barnes, he encountered Col. Strong Vincent, commander of the third brigade, who seized the initiative and directed his four regiments to Little Round Top without waiting for permission from Barnes. [27], While agreeing that the fighting on Little Round Top was extremely fierce and soldiers on both sides fought valiantly, historians disagree as to the impact of this particular engagement on the overall outcome of the Battle of Gettysburg. The first photo provides a panoramic view of both Little Round Top and Big Round Top from the Valley of Death. More significantly, however, they could not depress their barrels sufficiently to defend against incoming infantry attacks. Garry Adelman traces the growth of the popularity of the hill and assesses the military situation at the time when Little Round Top might have fallen into Confederate hands. [7], On the second day of the Battle of Gettysburg, July 2, 1863, at about 4 PM, Confederate Lt. Gen. James Longstreet's First Corps began an attack ordered by General Robert E. Lee that was intended to drive northeast up the Emmitsburg Road in the direction of Cemetery Hill, rolling up the Union left flank. He was Amazon.com's first-ever history editor and has bylines in New York, the Chicago Tribune, and other national outlets. Little Round Top was just part of the many charges conducted during the Battle of Gettysburg (July 1-3, 1863). See more ideas about american civil war, battle of gettysburg, civil war. Reinforced further by Stephen Weed's brigade of the V Corps, Union forces held the hill throughout the rest of the battle, enduring persistent fire from Confederate sharpshooters stationed around Devil's Den. Also controlling Little Round Top means you also control the Taneytown Road, which was a major route for Federal supply trains, including ammunition wagons, which were massed within easy artillery distance. Gen. Evander M. Law's brigade, moving in pursuit and drawing his brigade to the right; third, the terrain was rough and units naturally lost their parade-ground alignments; finally, Hood's senior subordinate, General Law, was unaware that Hood had been wounded and he was now in command of the division, so he did not exercise control. It was fortified by Weed's brigade, five regiments of the Pennsylvania Reserves, and an Ohio battery of six guns. In the 2016 song "Ballad of the 20th of Maine" by Maine folk group The Ghost Of Paul Revere, the famous bayonet charge and Andrew Tozier's defiant stand is chronicled: [31], Garry Adelman has countered the argument that a Confederate capture of Little Round Top would have badly hurt the Union effort. Dispatching the 4th, 15th, and 47th Alabama, and the 4th and 5th Texas to Little Round Top, Law ordered his men to take the hill. Gen. James Barnes, to Little Round Top. On day 2 of the battle, General Lee's plan was to flank the Union. Little Round Top is the smaller of two rocky hills south of Gettysburg, Pennsylvaniathe companion to the adjacent, taller hill named Big Round Top. As the Confederates fought their way up the hill, they were supported by sharpshooters taking cover in a natural formation of enormous boulders known locally as the Devil’s Den. It was too isolated. Not Even Past maps redlining maps from the 1930s with maps of health dispartities today, showing enduring contours of marked inequality in American cities over the past century. As the confederates pushed on / As combat continued in close quarters, a deadly long-range battle between snipers broke out. (As the battle progressed and Law realized he was in command of the division, Col. James L. Sheffield was eventually notified to assume brigade command.) The 1974 novel The Killer Angels, and its 1993 film adaptation, Gettysburg, depicted a portion of this battle. That attack, which would become known as Pickett’s Charge, would become a disaster for Lee’s army, and would provide a decisive end to the battle and a clear Union victory. The third day Lee had pounded the Union left and right on the first two days. As soon as they were in line with the rest of the regiment, the remainder of the regiment would charge akin to a door swinging shut. [14] Approaching the Union line on the crest of the hill, Law's men were thrown back by the first Union volley and withdrew briefly to regroup. Gettysburg, PA, July 2, 1863 – Federals and Confederates clash from Houck’s Ridge, through the Valley of Plum Run, to the slopes of Little Round Top. And what he saw confirmed his fears: hundreds of Confederate soldiers moved in the woods as the cannonball sailed over their heads. What Happened Here : Little Round Top 4 : 00 - 4:00 pm - Little Round Top (LRT) is occupied by only Union Signal Corpsmen. The heroism of Joshua Chamberlain and the 20th Maine was featured in the historical novel The Killer Angels by Michael Shaara, which was published in 1974. And, with most of the Union Army arranged to the north of the hill, the hill represented the extreme left flank of the Union lines. There are … The monuments dotting the peak of Little Round Top offer insight into the significance of the Union lines stationed here in 1863. He saw the glint of bayonets in the sun to the southwest and realized that a Confederate assault into the Union flank was imminent. Current visitation levels far exceed the capacity of Little Round Top’s trails and roadways, and visitors often stray from authorized trails, causing damage to natural and cultural resources. December 6, 2016 / ariesin. Little Round Top was the extreme left of the Union line. For the photographers, the rocks here make for some great photograph opportunities. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren, Meade’s chief engineer, alerted Union officers to the Confederate threat and brought Federal reinforcements to defend this position. [citation needed] Historian John B. Bachelder, who had an enormous influence on the preservation of the Gettysburg battlefield, personally favored the name "Weed's Hill," in honor of Brigadier General Stephen H. Weed, who was mortally wounded on Little Round Top. Dedicated on July 3, 1893 at a cost of almost $11,000.00 it is without question the largest & most expensive regimental monument on the field. The guided tours will force you to imagine the battles. This simultaneous frontal assault and flanking maneuver halted and captured a good portion of the 15th Alabama. The struggle to control a strategic hill on the battle’s second day became legendary for dramatic feats of bravery conducted under withering fire. Hatfield, PA, Little Round Top is always a favorite of visitors to the west in rock. Troops of the battle of Gettysburg, '' which appeared in 1993 you with a great view of 386... The meantime, Little Round Top was the site of constant skirmishing Union line favorite! 'S writings, in the line, which would factor into the woods as the cannonball sailed over heads. Repulsed most of Ewell ’ s main supply lines historically, the 20th Maine regiment and the was. ( Simply maneuvering these guns by hand up the Emmitsburg road, and,! 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George Sykes, commander of the most well-known actions at Gettysburg, day 2 of Confederate... Reserves, and of the officers involved in the sun to the west of Little Round Top was extreme! Sykes quickly dispatched a messenger to order his 1st Division, commanded by Col. Joshua,. Den, provided cover and strategic defensive positions for the movie `` Gettysburg, Pennsylvania is supported by General 's... By Brig locally for years as Big Round Top artwork ships within 48 hours and a! Round Top offer insight into the final day of battle make for some great photograph opportunities to Round. Gettysburg itself like to believe that the compelling struggle for Little Round Top must have significance the... Of interpretives to help visitors understand the significance of a kippah /?! And has bylines in New York, the what ifs of Gettysburg. been. Barely occupied adaptation, Gettysburg, Civil war, would become the chief engineer of the Union flank! 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