Basketball was invented in Springfield, Massachusetts in 1891 by a man named James Naismith. Check out these bizarre and fascinating facts from the hidden history of Massachusetts. Trivia Fun Facts & Interesting Information The fishing industry has always been a vital part of the Massachusetts economy. However, conflict occurred between both groups. [13], 20. The state is officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. However, many areas of the forests are transformed into agriculture. A yellow brick North Annex was added to the State House in 1895, and a marble wing was added to each side in 1917. Known as the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority subway, it currently runs 78 miles long and has over 130 stations in the metro area. Did you know that celebrating Christmas was banned in Massachusetts? Interesting Facts About Massachusetts. The Indian term means "at or about the Great Hill". The popularity of the donuts grew so much that the company by the year 1963 had opened its 100th restaurant. Dunkin Donuts opened its first franchise restaurant in Dedham, Massachusetts, and sold 52 varieties of donuts. © 2020 TheFactFile.Org. The year in parentheses is when the item was designated a state symbol. First opening for public use in 2003, it was one of the first major links constructed as part of the Big Dig. [8], 13. The above list of municipal positions reflects only the number of each title statewide; the duties of a particular position will vary from community to community. There is a lake in Massachusetts named “Chargoggagoggmanchauggagoggchaubunagungamaugg.”. The sound comes when a visitor shuffles their feet on its dry sand. 15. Did you know that the first post office in America opened in Boston in 1639? Did you know that a beach near Boston is popularly called “Singing beach?” Do not get too carried away with the fact. The postal abbreviation for Massachusetts is MA. From the Boston Tea Party to the first-ever Dunkin’ Donuts, it’s easy to say that the Bay State is one of America’s most important treasures. Sign up to receive updates about outdoor activities. Other nicknames for the state include Old Colony State, Old Bay State and Pilgrim State. In 1497 and 1498, John Cabot carried through the explorations upon which England based its … It is illegal in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts to scare a pigeon. The sales tax rate in Massachusetts is 6%. Fun Fact 7: Boston Common Park was established in 1634, it was the nation's first public park, which means it the oldest city park in the U.S. Fun Fact 8: The official State Song of Massachusetts is "All Hail to Massachusetts" it was written by Arthur Marsh and was officially adopted as the state song on September 3, 1966 The motto was written about 1659, and is attributed to English patriot Algernon Sydney. As of 1st January 2019, the minimum wage per hour in Massachusetts is $12. Did you know that the postmaster general gets a base salary of $276,840 which is more than the salary of the vice-president of the U.S.? On March 10, 1876, it was here in Boston that the first telephone call was made when Alexander Graham Bell summoned his lab assistant, Thomas A. Watson. It is the only museum of … In 1629, a royal charter was granted to the Massachusetts Bay Company to promote the settlement of the territory and to govern the colonies. In 1620, the Pilgrims, seeking religious freedom, made a brief stop in what later became Provincetown before settling in Plymouth on land belonging to Wampanoag Chief Massasoit. 1. [6], 12. STATE FLAG: A white rectangular field bears on either side a representation of the arms of the Commonwealth, except that the star is white. The site of the building, near the summit of Beacon Hill, Boston’s highest ground, was formerly John Hancock’s cow pasture. 23. 6. Translation: By the Sword We Seek Peace, But Peace Only Under Liberty. The company was a group of English Puritan settlers seeking religious freedom. 5. Also, the oldest school in America, called Boston Latin, was established in Boston in 1635—a year before Harvard University. The very first license plate issued by a state government (Number 1) was issued on September 1, 1903, to Frederick Tudor of Brookline. Massachusetts Fun Facts. 1634: First public park in America, Boston Common, 1635: First American public secondary school, Boston Latin Grammar School, 1636: First American university, Harvard, Cambridge, 1638: First American printing press, Cambridge, 1639: First free American public school, Boston, 1653: First American public library, Boston, 1704: First regularly issued American newspaper, The Boston News-Letter, 1716: First American lighthouse, Boston Harbor, Hull, 1775: First battle of American Revolution, Lexington and Concord, 1775: First commissioned ship of U.S. Navy, Beverly, 1789: First American novel published, William Hill Brown’s “The Power of Sympathy,” Worcester, 1831: First abolitionist newspaper, The Liberator, Boston, 1876: First telephone demonstrated by Alexander Graham Bell, Boston, 1892: First gasoline-powered automobile, Springfield, 1898: First American subway system, Boston, 1926: First liquid fuel rocket, launched by Dr. Robert Goddard, Auburn, 1928: First computer, developed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Population growth since 2000 Census: 198,532 (3.1 percent), Rank of population growth rate among the 50 states (2000 to 2010): 43, Number of communities with populations of more than 40,000: 38, Number of communities with populations of less than 1,000: 27, Median community population: 10,304 (Maynard), Note: Community population figures are between-Census estimates from the Department of Revenue, Area: 8,257 square miles (ranking 45th of the 50 states), Largest body of water: Quabbin Reservoir (39 square miles), Highest elevation: Mount Greylock (3,491 feet), Lowest elevation: Atlantic Ocean (sea level), Shoreline: 192 miles (not including islands), Average community land area: 22.33 square miles, MEDIAN RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY TAX RATE: $15.42 (2014), Municipalities with a city form of government: 55, Municipalities with a town form of government: 296, Mayors: 46 (of which 3 are part of a mayor-manager form of government), Other municipal administrator positions (administrative assistant, administrative coordinator, administrative officer, administrative secretary, chief administrative and financial officer, chief administrative officer, executive administrator, executive assistant, executive director, general manager, municipal administrator, municipal assistant, town coordinator): 19. The state is officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Interestingly, Benjamin Franklin was the first postmaster general of the United States of America. [3,24], 7. Massachusetts is the sixth state of the United States. British colonist John Smith named Massachusetts for the Massachusett tribe. [7], 11. STATE NICKNAMES: Bay State, Old Bay State, Pilgrim State, Puritan State, Old Colony State, Baked Bean State, Song: “All Hail to Massachusetts,” by Arthur J. Marsh (1981), Poem: “The Blue Hills of Massachusetts,” by Katherine E. Mullen (1981). Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. Naismith was a physical education teacher and wanted to engage his students in some physical activity while being indoors during the cold winter months. Megan Brennan, the first woman in history to hold the job, as a result, earns more than the salary of the vice-president of the United States ($243,500). In 1659 the General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony made it a criminal offense to publicly celebrate the holiday. Acushnet is the hometown of the Titleist golf ball company. Massachusetts (nicknamed: Bay State, Colony State, Old Colony, Taxachusetts, The Spirit of America) has 14 counties. As of last year, Massachusetts was tied with Maryland for the lowest divorce rate in the nation. State law also prescribes a naval and maritime flag, which bears a pine tree rather than the state seal, and a governor’s flag, which is triangular. On March 10, 1876, it was here in Boston that the first telephone call was made when Alexander … In 1497 and 1498, John Cabot carried through the explorations upon which England based its original claim to North America. 6th State (February 6, 1788), New England. This state is bordered by New York, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Vermont and the Atlantic Ocean. See the fact file below for more information about the state of Massachusetts or download the comprehensive worksheet pack which can be utilised within the classroom or home environment. We’re aware that these uncertain times are limiting many aspects of life. Other major sectors of economic activity include finance, health care, and venture capital investment. Below are 20 fun facts you most likely didn’t know about Boston. The forest only makes up around 62 percent of Massachusetts. The inventor of the telephone, Alexander Graham Bell, called his assistant Thomas … [17], 26. A toll is charged when entering the tunnel from either side.[19]. However, Massachusetts is also the birthplace of some lesser-known gems and relics. We Enjoy Animals. There’s so much about our beautiful state that most people don’t know. The game was played with a soccer ball and two peach baskets nailed to railings 10 feet above the floor. Massasoit ratified the first New England treaty between Europeans and Native Americans in December of 1620. 16. The Massachusetts Bay Colony wasn't settled for another 10 years. In 1636 until 1638, Pequot War took place. The name "Massachusetts" meant “near the great hill.” The first lighthouse in the United States was built on Little Brewster Island in the Boston Harbor in 1716. But there’s a lot about this city that’s not so well known. Interesting Massachusetts Facts: The name Massachusetts originates from the Massachusett Native Americans, which means 'at or about the great hill' or 'a big hill place'. The lobster was so plentiful in the 1800s that Massachusetts servants demanded a clause in their contracts to prevent being fed it more than 3 times a week. As of June 2018, the population of Massachusetts was estimated to be 6,895,917. CAPITAL: Boston, established in 1630, has been the capital of Massachusetts since its founding. Furthermore, the game of volleyball finds its roots in Massachusetts as well. 4. Stopping for red lights is not required by law unless they are flashing. On the phone, he said, “Mr. It lies in the New England region of the northeastern United States. Thanks in large part to the robust subway system in the city, Boston has more pedestrian commuters than any other major city in the United States. Massachusetts, Kentucky, Virginia, and Pennsylvania are the four US states whose legal names include the term Commonwealth. Deemed the official state dog of Massachusetts in 1979, the Boston Terrier is an … Economic Facts About Massachusetts Massachusetts’ GDP is around $596 billion. It was the first state to write and adopt a constitution (1780), which served as a model for the U.S. Constitution. Fun Facts about Massachusetts 9: the biome The temperature deciduous forest is the major biome of Massachusetts. Due to its history, it has been home to a British camp before the American Revolutionary War, and a modern gathering place for speeches, protests, outdoor concerts and more. Watson—come here—I want to see you.” Watson was in the next room where he heard the message from the receiver. The Ted Williams Tunnel interface in East Boston between the land-based approach and the underwater section is 90 feet below the surface of Boston Harbor, the deepest such connection in North America. However, these states function just like the other 46 states. European explorers began roving the coast as early as the 11th century. Here are 12 interesting facts about Massachusetts. Massachusetts and Missouri were the first states to require a driver’s license in 1903. Just four years later, volleyball was invented in Holyoke, Massachusetts by William G. Morgan. The name has been translated as “at or about the Great Hill,” “great mountain place,” or “large hill place,” among other translations. Massachusetts, officially the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. Milford is known the world over for its unique pink granite, discovered in the 1870’s and quarried for many years to grace the exteriors of museums, government buildings, monuments and railroad stations. 13 Quirky Facts About Massachusetts That You Probably Never Knew. The state was one of the original thirteen colonies that formed the United States of America. Its five bordering states are Connecticut, New Hampshire, New York, Rhode Island, and Vermont. The dome was covered with copper by Paul Revere & Sons in 1802, and has been covered in 23-karat gold leaf since the 1870s. Engineers were forced to make this tunnel so deep because of the depth of the Boston Harbor. STATE HOUSE: The central portion of the State House was designed by Charles Bulfinch (a former Boston selectman) and completed in 1798 after three years of construction. As of June 2018, the … With these facts about Massachusetts, let us learn more about its history, geography, economy, people, culture and more. MOTTO: Ense Petit Placidam Sub Libertate Quietem. 10. Learn five fun facts about Massachusetts in this exclusive video from Studies Weekly. The state’s capital is Boston. • State Names, Seals, Flags, and Symbols: A Historical Guide, by Benjamin F. Shearer and Barbara S. Shearer, 1985, Greenwood Press, • “The Massachusetts State House” and “The Arms and Great Seal of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts,” published by the Office of Secretary of State, • Massachusetts Department of Revenue, Division of Local Services Municipal Data Bank, • The Citizen Information Service of the Office of Secretary of State, • Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, • Municipal clerks in each community in the Commonwealth, Add your business, event, or deal to visitma.com, © 2021 Massachusetts Office of Travel and Tourism, Get monthly emails on events, deals, and getaway packages to MA. In 2003, by court orders, Massachusetts became the first state in the country to legalize gay marriage. Massachusetts has a progressive income tax rate of 5%. According to a survey, Massachusetts is the most educated state in the country, because the state has a number of high – ranking state colleges and universities. Previously, the only European settler in the area was William Blackstone, who arrived in 1626. Keep watching and subscribe, as more states will follow! The Fig Newton cookies were named after the town of Newton, Massachusetts. Massachusetts has been the scene of many historical events. Volleyball was invented in 1895 by William Morgan … Massachusetts' state song is 'All Hail to Massachusetts'. The tunnel is a 1.6-mile long and dips to close to 100 feet below sea level. At the time, he called the sport “Mintonette.” The first phone call in history was made in Boston on March 10, 1876. Volleyball was invented by William G. Morgan in Holyoke, Massachusetts. Officially opening in 1634, the 50 acres of land is a common gathering place throughout the year. HISTORY: Excavations in Massachusetts reveal that the earliest human inhabitants arrived about 3,000 years ago. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. All Rights Reserved. 1. The first college for higher education was Harvard University, founded in Massachusetts in 1636. The area of the capital city of Boston, first founded in 1630, was originally called “Shawmut” by local … [16], 25. Fun Facts The first baseball World Series was held in Boston in 1903. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the states of Connecticut and Rhode Island to the south, New Hampshire and Vermont to the north, and New York to the west. “The Bay State” has contributed largely to history, culture and business/economy in the country since the Pilgrims founded Plymouth in 1620, while seeking religious freedom. The Commonwealth of Massachusetts became the sixth state to join the new independent union in 1788. Massachusetts, you're wild. Massachusetts has one of the lowest divorce rates among the US states. 3. NAME: The state takes its name from the Massachuset tribe of Native Americans. Interesting Massachusetts Colony Facts: Plymouth Colony was founded in 1620, at Plymouth, Massachusetts, by Pilgrims who arrived on the Mayflower, a ship carrying settlers. There are several weird laws technically still in place. The Massachusetts Constitution is the oldest still in use in the world. 17. In 1692 and 1693, untrue rumors led to witch hunts in Salem, Massachusetts. To remind lawmakers of that fact, the fishing industry presented the House of Representatives with a statue of a cod, which is hung in the House Chamber. European explorers began roving the coast as early as the 11th century. [11], 18. In 1856, however, Christmas finally became a public holiday in the state. In a letter to his father, he wrote: “The day is coming when telegraph wires will be laid on to houses just like water or gas — and friends will converse with each other without leaving home.”[1]. Boston is a city full of history, most of which is pretty common knowledge you learned about in elementary school. 6-10 Massachusetts Facts 6. The chocolate chip cookie was invented by Ruth Graves Wakefield and her husband in 1930 in the Toll House Restaurant in Whitman, Massachusetts.[10]. Basketball was invented in December 1891 by James Naismith in Springfield. 14. Did you know that the first subway in America was built in Boston, Massachusetts in 1897? Massachusetts is the 15th most populous and the 44th most extensive of the 50 states of the United States. The state motto for Massachusetts is 'Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem' which means 'By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty'. [12], 19. 22. © Massachusetts Municipal Association, 2014, – Compiled by John Ouellette, Publications Editor & Web Director, MMA. Massachusetts is also one of the richest states in the United States. Various forms of increasingly repressive British rule culminated in the first battle of the American Revolution on April 19, 1775, at Lexington and Concord. Much of the state's most important economic activity is concentrated in high tech sectors like biotechnology, information technology, and defense. [2], 2. Shortly after the Puritans arrived in Boston, … Harvard was the first college established in North America. In 1639 America’s first post office opened in Boston. Everyone knows that Massachusetts is home to some of the most important moments in our nation’s history. The official state dessert of Massachusetts is Boston cream pie. State Abbreviation: MA Capital: Boston Origin of name: From Massachusetts tribe of Native Americans who lived in the Great Blue Hill region, south of Boston. Note: Public school enrollment figures represent the number of “school- attending children,” which includes residents attending any public school, including academic regional schools, vocational/technical regional schools, collaboratives and out-of-district public schools. Facts about Massachusetts Bay Colony 8: Indian populations At first, a good relationship was established between the people from Massachusetts Bay Colony with Indian populations. The name of the state comes from the Massachusetts tribe of Native Americans. Motto: Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem (By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty) A state symbol in Plymouth, located just south of modern-day Boston, was of. And Kareem Abdul-Jabbar are some of the 50 states of America. [ 19.. Song is 'All Hail to Massachusetts ' state song is 'All Hail to Massachusetts ' state song is Hail! 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